The most basic order 4 eddy would be a photon, where the vectors spin smoothly and the effect travels at the maximum speed of one space unit per one time unit. For a massive particle, that is a particle that travels slower than the maximum speed, we are looking for a pattern that curves helically back onto itself. An example of this is an electron.

If we consider the 6-dimensional space as being made from 3 complex planes then the vectors of both photon and electron tumble smoothly in these planes. For that reason we associate electromagnetism with order 4.

We are accustomed to considering an electron as a single particle, because at our scales time appears to be 1-dimensional. In reality an electron is part of a complex 6-dimensional pattern. The number of electrons goes up at the same rate as the number of 3d worlds.

Each of these 3d electrons is connected to the others through photons. In traditional physics we can only calculate the probability of an electron moving to a particular point by taking all the different ways it could get there into account. Here, with three time dimensions, the probabilities disappear and the electron actually does get there by all possible ways.

In our simulation we should see an electron interacting with a photon at regular intervals. In fact the number of generations between electron-photon interactions is a useful measurement to verify our theory and the generating formula, because we can compare this with measurements of the electron fine structure constant. We’d expect to get almost the same value, but not quite, because we are simulating in only 6 dimensions.

## Charge

A pattern that interacts with gluon patterns is said to have a colour charge. A pattern that interacts with photon patterns is said to have an electric charge.

## EPR Part 2

In this 6 dimensional web of electrons and photons which particle is real or virtual depends on the timeline the observer takes. Some of the properties of these particles, like spin, momentum and polarisation are actually 6-dimensional and thus also depend on the direction of the timeline of the observer. The same pattern at exactly the same point can represent differing spin, momentum and polarisation states for different timelines of the observer. This supplies the final piece of the explanation to the EPR paradox we discussed earlier.